References: Assessment

Assessment: Physical Signs

Collins KA. Elder maltreatment: a review. Arch Pathol Lab Med 2006;130:1290-6.

Speck PM, Hartig MT, Likes W, et al. Case series of sexual assault in older persons.
Clin Geriatri Med 2014;30:779-806.

Gibbs LM. Understanding the medical markers of elder abuse and neglect: physical examination findings. Clin Geriatr Med 2014;30:687-712.

Palmer M, Brodell RT, Mostow EN. Elder abuse: dermatologic clues and critical solutions.
J Am Acad Dermatol 2013;68:e37-42.

Chang AL, Wong JW, Endo JO, Norman RA. Geriatric dermatology:
Part II. Risk factors and cutaneous signs of elder mistreatment for the dermatologist
J Am Acad Dermatol 2013;68:533 e1-10.

Wiglesworth A, Austin R, Corona M, et al. Bruising as a marker of physical elder abuse.
J Am Geriatr Soc 2009;57:1191-6.

Ziminski CE, Wiglesworth A, Austin R, Phillips LR, Mosqueda L. Injury patterns and causal mechanisms of bruising in physical elder abuse. J Forensic Nurs 2013;9:84-91

Assessment: imaging

Rosen T, Bloemen EM, Harpe J, Sanchez AM, Mennitt KW, McCarthy TJ, Nicola R, Murphy K, LoFaso VM, Flomenbaum N, Lachs MS. Radiologists’ training, experience, and attitudes about elder abuse detection. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2016 Dec;207(6):1210-1214.

Wong NZ, Rosen T, Sanchez AM, Bloemen EM, Mennitt KW, Hentel K, Nicola R, Murphy KJ, LoFaso VM, Flomenbaum NE, Lachs MS. Imaging findings in elder abuse: A role for radiologists in detection. Can Assoc Radiol J. 2017 Feb;68(1):16-20.

Assessment: laboratory testing

LoFaso VM, Rosen T. Medical and laboratory indicators of elder abuse and neglect. Clin Geriatr Med. 2014 Nov;30(4):713-28.